CPP Exam Specifications
CAMERA, LENSES AND ATTACHMENTS (15%)
Items relating to this category will include digital and film cameras as well as the various lenses and attachments that might be utilized on either type of camera.
- Select the appropriate camera for subject matter and output requirements.
- Select the appropriate lens based upon size and distance of subject matter as well as desired perspective.
- Use camera, camera menu settings, and camera supports to create a quality image.
- Select and use the appropriate lens attachment
COMPOSITION AND DESIGN (17%)
Items relating to this area will focus on the following topics: (1) Subject placement within image area; (2) Special effects, including props; (3) location; (4) clothing; (5) posing; (6) color harmony/color wheel; and (7) coordination of background and subject.
- Determine the best color relationship to complement subject(s) to achieve the desired effects.
- Analyze the environment to complement subject(s) to achieve the desired effects.
- Frame or crop the picture within the camera’s viewfinder.
- Use angle of view to produce the desired effect (mood, power, size, strength, etc).
- Position and pose subject(s) with selected background, special effects, and props to achieve the desired effect.
DIGITAL POST PRODUCTION (13%)
Items measuring this specification will include: (1) color space; (2) file formats and resolution; (3) calibration; and (4) storage. Basic knowledge of PhotoShop will be necessary.
- Determine best color space in which to work.
- Select appropriate file format.
- Create/employ a color management system.
- Select appropriate file management and archival systems.
- Manipulate digital images
EXPOSURE AND METERS (20%)
Items measuring this set of specifications will include (1) h ow to meter for the correct exposure; and (2) the relationship between shutter speed and f-stop.
- Employ a light meter properly to achieve desired exposures.
- Set f/stops and shutter speed based upon exposure and desired effects.
- Verify proper exposure.
FILM, DIGITAL CAPTURE, AND OUTPUT (15%)
Items included in this section will measure of (1) digital capture; (2) film; and (3) output options (paper, electronic, web, etc.).
- Considering lighting conditions, select the type of film based upon the final product needed (e.g. black and white, color, transparency, etc.) and desired result.
- Select the appropriate capture media for subject matter, format requirements, and final job requirements.
- Identify and correct problems in images.
- Output/Print image to desired medium.
This portion of the examination will measure (1) how to best light the subject; (2) possible types of lighting (Studio, Ambient, Flash, Daylight); (3) lighting design; and (4) lighting equipment.
- Evaluate the source(s) of light at the location where subject(s) will be photographed to determine the tools necessary to complete the assignment.
- Determine the lighting ratio.
- Understand light modifiers (gobos, gels, spots, flags, etc.) and their uses.
- Determine the type of lighting design (Rembrandt, split, broad, short, etc.) to be used with the given subject(s).
- Determine the appropriate lighting usage (main, fill, etc) for subject(s).
- Understand the theory of light.
- Select the appropriate filter for color correction of the light source.
- Use lighting techniques as composition and design elements.